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Friday, October 27, 2017 - 13:00 ,
Location: Skiles 006 ,
John Etnyre ,
Georgia Tech ,
Organizer: John Etnyre

Notice the seminar is back to 1.5 hours this week.

In this series of talks I will introduce branched coverings of manifolds and sketch proofs of most the known results in low dimensions (such as every 3 manifold is a 3-fold branched cover over a knot in the 3-sphere and the existence of universal knots). This week we should be able to finish our discussion of branched covers of surfaces and transition to 3-manifolds.

Friday, October 27, 2017 - 10:00 ,
Location: Skiles 114 ,
Jaewoo Jung ,
GA Tech ,
Organizer: Timothy Duff

For any undirected graph, the Stanley-Reisner ideal is generated by monomials correspoding to the graph's "non-edges." It is of interest in algebraic geometry to study the free resolutions and Betti-tables
of these ideals (viewed as modules in the natural way.) We consider the relationship
between a graph and its induced Betti-table. As a first step, we look at how operations on graphs effect on the Betti-tables. In this
talk, I will provide a basic introduction, state our result about clique sums of graphs (with proof), and discuss the next things to do.

Series: Stochastics Seminar

When considering smooth functionals of dependent data, block bootstrap methods have enjoyed considerable success in theory and application. For nonsmooth functionals of dependent data, such as sample quantiles, the theory is less well-developed. In this talk, I will present a general theory of consistency and optimality, in terms of achieving the fastest convergence rate, for block bootstrap distribution estimation for sample quantiles under mild strong mixing assumptions. The case of density estimation will also be discussed. In contrast to existing results, we study the block bootstrap for varying numbers of blocks. This corresponds to a hybrid between the subsampling bootstrap and the moving block bootstrap (MBB). Examples of `time series’ models illustrate the benefits of optimally choosing the number of blocks. This is joint work with Stephen M.S. Lee (University of Hong Kong) and Alastair Young (Imperial College London).

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

In a joint work with M. Yampolsky, we gave a classification of Thurston maps with parabolic orbifolds based on our previous results on characterization of canonical Thurston obstructions. The obtained results yield a solution to the problem of algorithmically checking combinatorial equivalence of two Thurston maps.

Series: Analysis Seminar

A general local result concerning L^p boundedness of maximal averages over 2D hypersurfaces is described, where p > 2. The surfaces are allowed to have either the traditional smooth density function or a singularity growing as |(x,y)|^{-t} for some 0 < t < 2. This result is a generalization of a theorem of Ikromov, Kempe, and Mueller. Similar methods can be used to show sharp L^p to L^p_a Sobolev estimates for associated Radon transform operators when p is in a certain interval containing 2.

Series: Algebra Seminar

We determine the average size of the $\phi$-Selmer group in any quadratic twist family of abelian varieties having an isogeny $\phi$ of degree 3 over any number field. This has several applications towards the rank statistics in such families of quadratic twists. For example, it yields the first known quadratic twist families of absolutely simple abelian varieties over $\mathbb{Q}$, of dimension greater than one, for which the average rank is bounded; in fact, we obtain such twist families in arbitrarily large dimension. In the case that $E/F$ is an elliptic curve admitting a 3-isogeny, we prove that the average rank of its quadratic twists is bounded; if $F$ is totally real, we moreover show that a positive proportion of these twists have rank 0 and a positive proportion have $3$-Selmer rank 1. We also obtain consequences for Tate-Shafarevich groups of quadratic twists of a given elliptic curve. This is joint work with Manjul Bhargava, Zev Klagsbrun, and Ari Shnidman.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

The immersed Seifert genus of a knot $K$ in $S^3$ can be defined as the minimal genus of an orientable immersed surface $F$ with $\partial F = K$. By a result of Gabai, this value is always equal to the (embedded) Seifert genus of $K$. In this talk I will discuss the embedded and immersed cross-cap numbers of a knot, which are the non-orientable versions of these invariants. Unlike their orientable counterparts these values do not always coincide, and can in fact differ by an arbitrarily large amount. In further contrast to the orientable case, there are families of knots with arbitrarily high embedded 4-ball cross-cap numbers, but which are easily seen to have immersed cross-cap number 1. After describing these examples I will discuss a classification of knots with immersed cross-cap number 1. This is joint work with Seungwon Kim.

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

If h is a homeomorphism on a compact manifold which is chain-recurrent, we will try to understand when the lift of h to an abelian cover is also chain-recurrent. This has consequences on closed geodesics in manifold of negative curvature.

Series: GT-MAP Seminars

Data assimilation is a powerful tool for combining mathematical models
with real-world data to make better predictions and estimate the state
and/or parameters of dynamical systems. In this talk I will give an
overview of some work on models for predicting urban crime patterns,
ranging from stochastic models to differential equations. I will then
present some work on data assimilation techniques that have been
developed and applied for this problem, so that these models can be
joined with real data for purposes of model fitting and crime
forecasting.

Friday, October 20, 2017 - 13:55 ,
Location: Skiles 006 ,
John Etnyre ,
Georgia Tech ,
Organizer: John Etnyre

Note this talk is only 1 hour (to allow for the GT MAP seminar at 3.

In this series of talks I will introduce branched coverings of manifolds and sketch proofs of most the known results in low dimensions (such as every 3 manifold is a 3-fold branched cover over a knot in the 3-sphere and the existence of universal knots). This week we will continue studying branched covers of surfaces. Among other things we should be able to see how to use branched covers to see some relations in the mapping class group of surfaces.