Seminars and Colloquia by Series

Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, March 4, 2014 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Hermano Frid , IMPA, Brazil , Organizer:
The short wave-long wave interactions for viscous compressibleheat conductive fluids is modeled, following Dias & Frid (2011), by a Benney-type system coupling Navier-Stokes equations with a nonlinear Schrodingerequation along particle paths. We study the global existence of smooth solutions to the Cauchy problem in R^3 when the initial data are small smooth perturbations of an equilibrium state. This is a joint work with Ronghua Panand Weizhe Zhang.
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, February 18, 2014 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Jeffrey Langford , Bucknell University , Organizer:
In a comparison theorem, one compares the solution of a given PDE to a solution of a second PDE where the data are "rearranged." In this talk, we begin by discussing some of the classical comparison results, starting with Talenti's Theorem. We then discuss Neumann comparison results, including a conjecture of Kawohl, and end with some new results in balls and shells involving cap symmetrization.
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, January 28, 2014 - 15:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Gerard Misiolek , University of Notre Dame , Organizer:
In 1966 V. Arnold observed that solutions to the Euler equations of incompressible fluids can be viewed as geodesics of the kinetic energy metric on the group of volume-preserving diffeomorphisms. This introduced Riemannian geometric methods into the study of ideal fluids. I will first review this approach and then describe results on the structure of singularities of the associated exponential map and (time premitting) related recent developments.
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, January 21, 2014 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Jianli Liu , Shanghai Unversity , Organizer:
This talk gives a blowup criteria to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations in BMO^{-s} on the whole space R^3, which implies the well-known BKM criteria and Serrin criteria. Using the result, we can get the norm of |u(t)|_{\dot{H}^{\frac{1}{2}}} is decreasing function. Our result can obtained by the compensated compactness and Hardy space result of [6] as well as [7].
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, December 3, 2013 - 15:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Tuoc V. Phan , University of Tennessee, Knoxville , Organizer:
We investigate the global time existence of smooth solutions for the Shigesada-Kawasaki-Teramoto system of cross-diffusion equations of two competing species in population dynamics. If there are self-diffusion in one species and no cross-diffusion in the other, we show that the system has a unique smooth solution for all time in bounded domains of any dimension.We obtain this result by deriving global $W^{1,p}$-estimates of Calder\'{o}n-Zygmund type  for a class of nonlinear reaction-diffusion equations with self-diffusion. These estimates are achieved  by employing Caffarelli-Peral perturbation techniquetogether with a new two-parameter scaling argument.The talk is based on my joint work with Luan Hoang (Texas Tech University) and Truyen Nguyen (University of Akron)
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, November 19, 2013 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Matthias Erbar , University of Bonn , Organizer:
In this talk I will present a new notion of Ricci curvature that applies to finite Markov chains and weighted graphs. It is defined using tools from optimal transport in terms of convexity properties of the Boltzmann entropy functional on the space of probability measures over the graph. I will also discuss consequences of lower curvature bounds in terms of functional inequalities. E.g. we will see that a positive lower bound implies a modified logarithmic Sobolev inequality. This is joint work with Jan Maas. 
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, October 1, 2013 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Geng Chen , Georgia Tech , gchen73@math.gatech.edu , Organizer:
It is well known that solutions of compressible Euler equations in general form discontinuities (shock waves) in finite time even when the initial data is $C^\infty$ smooth. The lack of regularity makes the system hard to resolve. When the initial data have large amplitude, the well-posedness of the full Euler equations is still wide open even in one space dimenssion. In this talk, we discuss some recent progress on large data solutions for the compressible Euler equations in one space dimension. The talk includes joint works with Alberto Bressan, Helge Kristian Jenssen, Robin Young and Qingtian Zhang.
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, September 3, 2013 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 005 , Renato Calleja , UNAM, Mexico , Organizer:
I will present  a method for constructing periodic or quasi-periodic solutions for forced strongly dissipative systems. Our method applies to the varactor equation in electronic engineering and to the forced non-linear wave equation with a strong damping term proportional to the wave velocity. The strong damping leads to very few small divisors which allows to prove the existence by using a fixed point contraction theorem. The method also leads to efficient numerics. This is joint work with A. Celletti, L. Corsi, and R. de la Llave.
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, August 20, 2013 - 15:00 , Location: 006 , Cristel Chandre , Center for Theoretical Physics, Univ. Aix-Marseille , Organizer: Chongchun Zeng
Dirac'stheory of constrained Hamiltonian systems allows for reductions of the dynamics in a Hamiltonian framework. Starting from an appropriate set of constraints on the dynamics, Dirac'stheory provides a bracket for the reduced dynamics. After a brief introduction of Dirac'stheory, I will illustrate the approach on ideal magnetohydrodynamics and Vlasov-Maxwell equations. Finally I will discuss the conditions under which the Dirac bracket can be constructed and is a Poisson bracket.
Series: PDE Seminar
Tuesday, April 23, 2013 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Jin Feng , University of Kansas , Organizer: Zhiwu Lin
Using metric derivative and local Lipschitz constant, we define action integral and Hamiltonian operator for a class of optimal control problem on curves in metric spaces. Main requirement on the space is a geodesic property (or more generally, length space property). Examples of such space includes space of probability measures in R^d, general Banach spaces, among others. A well-posedness theory is developed for first order Hamilton-Jacobi equation in this context. The main motivation for considering the above problem comes from variational formulation of compressible Euler type equations. Value function of the variation problem is described through a Hamilton-Jacobi equation in space of probability measures. Through the use of geometric tangent cone and other properties of mass transportation theory, we illustrate how the current approach uniquely describes the problem (and also why previous approaches missed). This is joint work with Luigi Ambrosio at Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa.

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