Folkman Numbers

ACO Student Seminar
Friday, November 6, 2015 - 13:00
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 005
Emory University
For an integer k, the Folkman number f(k) is the least integer n for which there exists a graph G on n vertices that does not contain a clique of size k and has the property that every two coloring of E(G) yields a monochromatic clique of size of size k. That is, it is the least number of vertices in a K_{k+1}-free graph that is Ramsey to K_k. A recent result of Rodl, Rucinski, and Schacht gives an upper bound on the Folkman numbers f(k) which is exponential in k. A fundamental tool in their proof is a theorem of Saxton and Thomason on hypergraph containers. This talk will give a brief history of the Folkman numbers, introduce the hypergraph container theorem, and sketch the proof of the Rodl, Rucinski, and Schacht result. Recent work with Hiep Han, Vojtech Rodl, and Mathias Schacht on two related problems concerning cycles in graphs and arithmetic progressions in subset of the integers will also be presented.