Wednesday, November 9, 2011 - 14:00
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Chromatic derivatives are special, numerically robust linear differential operators which provide a unification framework for a broad class of orthogonal polynomials with a broad class of special functions. They are used to define chromatic expansions which generalize the Neumann series of Bessel functions. Such expansions are motivated by signal processing; they grew out of a design of a switch mode power amplifier. Chromatic expansions provide local signal representation complementary to the global signal representation given by the Shannon sampling expansion. Unlike the Taylor expansion which they are intended to replace, they share all the properties of the Shannon expansion which are crucial for signal processing. Besides being a promising new tool for signal processing, chromatic derivatives and expansions have intriguing mathematical properties connecting in a novel way orthogonal polynomials with some familiar concepts and theorems of harmonic analysis. For example, they introduce novel spaces of almost periodic functions which naturally correspond to a broad class of families of orthogonal polynomials containing most classical families. We also present a conjecture which generalizes the Paley Wiener Theorem and which relates the growth rate of entire functions with the asymptotic behavior of the recursion coefficients of a corresponding family of orthogonal polynomials.