Applied and Computational Mathematics Seminar
Tuesday, November 1, 2016 - 14:05
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
An adaptive hybrid level set moment-of-fluid method is developed to study the material solidification of static and dynamic multiphase systems. The main focus is on the solidification of water droplets, which may undergo normal or supercooled freezing. We model the different regimes of freezing such as supercooling, nucleation, recalescence, isothermal freezing and solid cooling accordingly to capture physical dynamics during impact and solidification of water droplets onto solid surfaces. The numerical simulations are validated by comparison to analytical results and experimental observations. The present simulations demonstrate the ability of the method to capture sharp solidification front, handle contact line dynamics, and the simultaneous impact, merging and freezing of a drop. Parameter studies have been conducted, which show the influence of the Stefan number on the regularity of the shape of frozen droplets. Also, it is shown that impacting droplets with different sizes create ice shapes which are uniform near the impact point and become dissimilar away from it. In addition, surface wettability determines whether droplets freeze upon impact or bounce away.