Hamiltonian Instability in a Four-Body Problem

CDSNS Colloquium
Monday, April 25, 2016 - 10:00
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 005
Yeshiva Univ.
We consider a restricted four-body problem, modeling the dynamics of a light body (e.g., a moon) near a Jupiter trojan asteroid. We study two mechanisms of instability. For the first mechanism, we assume that the orbit of Jupiter is circular, and we investigate the hyperbolic invariant manifolds associated to periodic orbits around the equilibrium points. The conclusion is that the light body can undergo chaotic motions inside the Hill sphere of the trojan, or well  outside that region. For the second mechanism, we consider the perturbative effect due to the eccentricity of the orbit of Jupiter. The conclusion is that the size of the orbit of the light body around the trojan can keep increasing, or keep decreasing, or undergo oscillations. This phenomenon is related to the Arnold Diffusion problem in Hamiltonian dynamics