Progress on homogeneous Einstein manifolds

Geometry Topology Seminar
Monday, October 13, 2014 - 14:05
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 006
University of Patras
A Riemannian manifold (M, g) is called Einstein if the Ricci tensor satisfies Ric(g)=\lambda g. For a Riemannian homogeneous space (M=G/H,g), where G is a Lie group and H a closed subgroup of G, the problem is to classify all G-invariant Einstein metrics.   In the present talk I will discuss progress on this problem on two important classes of homogeneous spaces, namely generalized flag manifolds and Stiefel manifolds. A generalized flag manifold is a compact homogeneous space M=G/H=G/C(S), where G is a compact semisimple Lie group and C(S) is the centralizer of a torus in G.  Equivalently, it is the orbit of the adjoint representation of G. A (real) Stiefel manifold is the set of orthonormal k-frames in R^n and is diffeomorphic to the homogeneous space SO(n)/SO(n-k).One main difference between these spaces is that in the first case the isotropy representationdecomposes into a sum of irreducible and {\it non equivalent} subrepresentations, whereas in thesecond case the isotropy representation contains equivalent summands. In both cases, when the number of isotropy summands increases, various difficulties appear, such as description of Ricci tensor, G-invariant metrics, as well as solving  the Einstein equation, which reduces to an  algebraic system of equations.  In many cases such systems involve parameters and we use Grobner bases techniques to prove existence of positive solutions.Based on joint works with I. Chrysikos (Brno), Y. Sakane (Osaka) and M. Statha (Patras)