Towards Optimal Prediction of Chaotic Signals

Series: 
Math Physics Seminar
Monday, April 11, 2011 - 15:00
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location: 
Howey W505
,  
Department of Mathematics, University of Michigan

Host: Predrag Cvitanovic, School of Physics

Suppose that x(t) is a signal generated by a chaotic system and that the signal has been recorded in the interval [0,T]. We ask: What is the largest value t_f such that the signal can be predicted in the interval (T,T+t_f] using the history of the signal and nothing more? We show that the answer to this question is contained in a major result of modern information theory proved by Wyner, Ziv, Ornstein, and Weiss. All current algorithms for predicting chaotic series assume that if a pattern of events in some interval in the past is similar to the pattern of events leading up to the present moment, the pattern from the past can be used to predict the chaotic signal. Unfortunately, this intuitively reasonable idea is fundamentally deficient and all current predictors fall well short of the Wyner-Ziv bound. We explain why the current methods are deficient and develop some ideas for deriving an optimal predictor. [This talk is based on joint work with X. Liang and K. Serkh].  To view and/or participate in the webinar from wherever you are, click on:EVO.caltech.edu/evoNext/koala.jnlp?meeting=MvM2Ml2M2tDvDn9n9nDe9v