Shape optimization among convex bodies

Series: 
Math Physics Seminar
Wednesday, July 13, 2011 - 14:05
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location: 
Skiles 005
,  
Dauphine
,  
Shape optimization is the study of optimization problems whose unknown is a domain in R^d. The seminar is focused on the understanding of the case where admissible shapes are required to be convex. Such problems arises in various field of applied mathematics, but also in open questions of pure mathematics. We propose an analytical study of the problem. In the case of 2-dimensional shapes, we show some results for a large class of functionals, involving geometric functionals, as well as energies involving PDE. In particular, we give some conditions so that solutions are polygons. We also give results in higher dimension, concerned with the Mahler conjecture in convex geometry and the Polya-Szego conjecture in potential theory. We particularly make the link with the so-called Brunn-Minkowsky inequalities.