Stochastic Representation of Solutions to Degenerate Elliptic Boundary Value and Obstacle Problems with Dirichlet Boundary Conditions

Series: 
Mathematical Finance/Financial Engineering Seminar
Friday, April 19, 2013 - 14:05
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location: 
Skiles 005
,  
Rutgers University
Organizer: 

Hosts: Christian Houdre and Liang Peng

We prove stochastic representation formulae for solutions to elliptic boundary value and obstacle problems associated with a degenerate Markov diffusion process on the half-plane. The degeneracy in the diffusion coefficient is proportional to the \alpha-power of the distance to the boundary of the half-plane, where 0 < \alpha < 1 . This generalizes the well-known Heston stochastic volatility process, which is widely used as an asset price model in mathematical finance and a paradigm for a degenerate diffusion process. The generator of this degenerate diffusion process with killing, is a second-order, degenerate-elliptic partial differential operator where the degeneracy in the operator symbol is proportional to the 2\alpha-power of the distance to the boundary of the half-plane. Our stochastic representation formulae provides the unique solution to the degenerate partial differential equation with partial Dirichlet condition, when we seek solutions which are suitably smooth up to the boundary portion \Gamma_0 contained in the boundary of the half-plane. In the case when the full Dirichlet condition is given, our stochastic representation formulae provides the solutions which are not guaranteed to be any more than continuous up to the boundary portion \Gamma_0 .