Large deviations and Monte Carlo methods for problems with multiple scales

Stochastics Seminar
Thursday, March 13, 2014 - 15:05
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 005
Boston University
Rare events, metastability and Monte Carlo methods for stochastic dynamical systems have been of central scientific interest for many years now. In this talk we focus on multiscale systems that can exhibit metastable behavior, such as rough energy landscapes. We discuss quenched large deviations in related random rough environments and design of provably efficient Monte Carlo methods, such as importance sampling, in order to estimate probabilities of rare events. Depending on the type of interaction of the fast scales with the strength of the noise we get different behavior, both for the large deviations and for the corresponding Monte Carlo methods.  Standard Monte Carlo methods perform poorly in these kind of problems in the small noise limit. In the presence of multiple scales one faces additional difficulties and straightforward adaptation of importance sampling schemes for standard small noise diffusions will not produce efficient schemes. We resolve this issue and demonstrate the theoretical results by examples and simulation studies.