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Series: CDSNS Colloquium

We present a novel method to find KAM tori in degenerate (nontwist) cases. We also require that the tori thus constructed have a singular Birkhoff normal form. The method provides a natural classification of KAM tori which is based on Singularity Theory.The method also leads to effective algorithms of computation, and we present some preliminary numerical results. This work is in collaboration with R. de la Llave and A. Gonzalez.

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

In this talk we will present a numerical algorithm for the
computation of (hyperbolic) periodic orbits of the 1-D
K-S equation
u_t+v*u_xxxx+u_xx+u*u_x = 0,
with v>0.
This numerical algorithm consists on apply a suitable Newton
scheme for a given approximate solution. In order to do this,
we need to rewrite the invariance equation that must satisfy
a periodic orbit in a form that
its linearization around an approximate solution
is a bounded operator. We will show also how this methodology
can be used to compute rigorous estimates of the errors of the
solutions computed.

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

We consider the restricted planar elliptic 3 body problem, which models
the Sun, Jupiter and an Asteroid (which we assume that has negligible
mass). We take a realistic value of the mass ratio between Jupiter and
the Sun and their eccentricity arbitrarily small and we study the
regime of the mean motion resonance 1:7, namely when the period of the
Asteroid is approximately seven times the period of Jupiter. It is well
known that if one neglects the influence of Jupiter on the Asteroid,
the orbit of the latter is an ellipse. In this talk we will show how
the influence of Jupiter may cause a substantial change on the shape of
Asteriod's orbit. This instability mechanism may give an explanation of
the existence of the Kirkwood gaps in the Asteroid belt. This is a
joint work with J. Fejoz, V. Kaloshin and P. Roldan.

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

We study a class of linear delay-differential equations, with a singledelay, of the form$$\dot x(t) = -a(t) x(t-1).\eqno(*)$$Such equations occur as linearizations of the nonlinear delay equation$\dot x(t) = -f(x(t-1))$ around certain solutions (often around periodicsolutions), and are key for understanding the stability of such solutions.Such nonlinear equations occur in a variety of scientific models, anddespite their simple appearance, can lead to a rather difficultmathematical analysis.We develop an associated linear theory to equation (*) by taking the$m$-fold wedge product (in the infinite dimensional sense of tensorproducts) of the dynamical system generated by (*). Remarkably, in the caseof a ``signed feedback'' where $(-1)^m a(t) > 0$ for some integer $m$, theassociated linear system is given by an operator which is positive withrespect to a certain cone in a Banach space. This leads to very detailedinformation about stability properties of (*), in particular, informationabout characteristic multipliers.

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

The Vlasov-Poisson and Vlasov-Maxwell equations possess variousvariational formulations1 or action principles, as they are generallytermed by physicists. I will discuss a particular variational principlethat is based on a Hamiltonian-Jacobi formulation of Vlasov theory,a formulation that is not widely known. I will show how this formu-lation can be reduced for describing the Vlasov-Poisson system. Theresulting system is of Hamilton-Jacobi form, but with nonlinear globalcoupling to the Poisson equation. A description of phase (function)space geometry will be given and comments about Hamilton-Jacobipde methods and weak KAM will be made.Supported by the US Department of Energy Contract No. DE-FG03-96ER-54346.H. Ye and P. J. Morrison Phys. Fluids 4B 771 (1992).D. Prsch, Z. Naturforsch. 39a, 1 (1984); D. Prsch and P. J. Morrison, Phys. Rev.32A, 1714 (1985).

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

In this talk, we generalize the classical Kupka-Smale theorem for ordinary differential
equations on R^n to the case of scalar parabolic equations. More precisely, we show
that, generically with respect to the non-linearity, the
semi-flow of a reaction-diffusion equation defined on a bounded domain
in R^n or on the torus T^n has the "Kupka-Smale" property, that is, all the
critical elements (i.e. the equilibrium points and periodic orbits) are hyperbolic and
the stable and unstable manifolds of
the critical elements intersect transversally. In the particular case of T1, the
semi-flow is generically Morse-Smale,
that is, it has the Kupka-Smale property and, moreover, the
non-wandering set is finite and is only composed of critical
elements. This is an important property, since Morse-Smale semi-flows are structurally
stable. (Joint work with P. Brunovsky and R. Joly).

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

They may flow like fluids but under constraints of mechanical energies from their crystal aspects. As a result, they exhibit very rich phenomena that grant them tremendous applications in modern technology. Based on works of Oseen, Z\"ocher, Frank and others, a continuum theory (not most general but satisfactory to a great extent) for liquid-crystals was formulated by Ericksen and Leslie in 1960s. We will first give a brief introduction to this classical theory and then focus on various important special settings in both static and dynamic cases. These special flows are rather simple for classical fluids but are quite nonlinear for liquid-crystals. We are able to apply abstract theory of nonlinear dynamical systems upon revealing specific structures of the problems at hands.

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

In this talk, I will explain the correspondence between the Lorenz periodic solution and the topological knot in 3-space.The effect of small random perturbation on the Lorenz flow will lead to a certain nature order developed previously by Chow-Li-Liu-Zhou. This work provides an answer to an puzzle why the Lorenz periodics are only geometrically simple knots.

Series: CDSNS Colloquium

An optimal transport path may be viewed as a geodesic in the
space of probability measures under a suitable family of metrics. This
geodesic may exhibit a tree-shaped branching structure in many
applications such as trees, blood vessels, draining and irrigation
systems. Here, we extend the study of ramified optimal transportation
between probability measures from Euclidean spaces to a geodesic metric
space. We investigate the existence as well as the behavior of optimal
transport paths under various properties of the metric such as
completeness, doubling, or curvature upper boundedness. We also introduce
the transport dimension of a probability measure on a complete geodesic
metric space, and show that the transport dimension of a probability
measure is bounded above by the Minkowski dimension and below by the
Hausdorff dimension of the measure. Moreover, we introduce a metric,
called "the dimensional distance", on the space of probability measures.
This metric gives a geometric meaning to the transport dimension: with
respect to this metric, the transport dimension of a probability measure
equals to the distance from it to any finite atomic probability measure.