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Wednesday, December 4, 2013 - 14:00 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Prof. Riccardo March ,
Istituto per le Applicazioni del Calcolo "Mauro Picone" of C.N.R and University of Rome ,
Organizer: Sung Ha Kang

We consider a variational model for image segmentation which takes into account the occlusions between different objects. The model consists in minimizing a functional which depends on: (i) a partition (segmentation) of the image domain constituted by partially overlapping regions; (ii) a piecewise constant function which gives information about the visible portions of objects; (iii) a piecewise constant function which constitutes an approximation of a given image. The geometric part of the energy functional depends on the curvature of the boundaries of the overlapping regions. Some variational properties of the model are discussed with the aim of investigating the reconstruction capabilities of occluded boundaries of shapes. Joint work with Giovanni Bellettini.

Tuesday, November 5, 2013 - 11:00 ,
Location: Skiles 006 ,
Ha Quang, Minh ,
Istituto Italiano di Technologia (IIT), Genova, Italy ,
minh.haquang@iit.it ,
Organizer: Sung Ha Kang

Reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces (RKHS) have recently emerged as a powerful mathematical framework for many problems in machine learning, statistics, and their applications. In this talk, we will present a formulation in vector-valued RKHS that provides a unified treatment of several important machine learning approaches. Among these, one is Manifold Regularization, which seeks to exploit the geometry of the input data via unlabeled examples, and one is Multi-view Learning, which attempts to integrate different features and modalities in the input data. Numerical results on several challenging multi-class classification problems demonstrate the competitive practical performance of our approach.

Monday, November 4, 2013 - 14:05 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Chad Higdon-Topaz ,
Macalester College ,
Organizer: Martin Short

From bird flocks to ungulate herds to fish schools, nature abounds with
examples of biological aggregations that arise from social interactions.
These interactions take place over finite (rather than infinitesimal)
distances, giving rise to nonlocal models. In this modeling-based talk, I
will discuss two projects on insect swarms in which nonlocal social
interactions play a key role. The first project examines desert locusts.
The model is a system of nonlinear partial integrodifferential
equations of advection-reaction type. I find conditions for the
formation of an aggregation, demonstrate transiently traveling pulses of
insects, and find hysteresis in the aggregation's existence. The second
project examines the pea aphid. Based on experiments that motion track
aphids walking in a circular arena, I extract a discrete, stochastic
model for the group. Each aphid transitions randomly between a moving
and a stationary state. Moving aphids follow a correlated random walk.
The probabilities of motion state transitions, as well as the random
walk parameters, depend strongly on distance to an aphid’s nearest
neighbor. For large nearest neighbor distances, when an aphid is
isolated, its motion is ballistic and it is less likely to stop. In
contrast, for short nearest neighbor distances, aphids move diffusively
and are more likely to become stationary; this behavior constitutes an
aggregation mechanism.

Monday, October 28, 2013 - 14:00 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Francesco G. Fedele ,
GT Civil Eng and ECE ,
fedele@gatech.edu ,
Organizer: Sung Ha Kang

Rogue waves are unusually large waves that appear from nowhere at the ocean. In the last 10 years or so, they have been the subject of numerous studies that propose homoclinic orbits of the NLS equation, the so-called breathers, to model such extreme events. Clearly, the NLS equation is an asymptotic approximation of the Euler equations in the spectral narrowband limit and it does not capture strong nonlinear features of the full Euler model. Motivated by the preceding studies, I will present recent results on deep-water modulated wavetrains and breathers of the Hamiltonian Zakharov equation, higher-order asymptotic model of the Euler equations for water waves. They provide new insights into the occurrence and existence of rogue waves and their breaking. Web info: http://arxiv.org/abs/1309.0668

Monday, October 21, 2013 - 14:00 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Jeff Geronimo ,
GT Math ,
Organizer: Sung Ha Kang

The Alpert multiwavelets are an extension of the Haar wavelet to higher degree piecewise polynomials thereby giving higher approximation order. This system has uses in numerical analysis in problems where shocks develop. An orthogonal basis of scaling functions for this system are the Legendre polynomials and we will examine the consequence of this. In particular we will show that the coefficients in the refinement equation can be written in terms of Jacobi polynomials with varying parameters. Difference equationssatisfied by these coefficients will be exhibited that give rise to generalized eigenvalue problems. Furthermore an orthogonal basis of wavelet functions will be discussed that have explicit formulas as hypergeometric polynomials.

Monday, September 9, 2013 - 14:00 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Seong Jun Kim ,
GT Math ,
Organizer: Sung Ha Kang

The main aim of this talk is to design efficient and novel numerical algorithms for highly oscillatory dynamical systems with multiple time scales. Classical numerical methods for such problems need temporal resolution to resolve the finest scale and become very inefficient when the longer time intervals are of interest. In order to accelerate computations and improve the long time accuracy of numerical schemes, we take advantage of various multiscale structures established from a separation of time scales. The framework of the heterogeneous multiscale method (HMM) will be considered as a general strategy both for the design and for the analysis of multiscale methods.(Keywords: Multiscale oscillatory dynamical systems, numerical averaging methods.)

Monday, April 22, 2013 - 14:00 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Prof. Seyed Moghadas ,
York University ,
Organizer: Haomin Zhou

Modelling and computational approaches provide powerful tools in the study of disease dynamics at both the micro- and macro-levels. Recent advances in information and communications technologies have opened up novel vistas and presented new challenges in mathematical epidemiology. These challenges are central to the understanding of the collective dynamics of heterogeneous ensembles of individuals, and analyzing pertinent data that are less coarse and more complex. The evolution of dynamic modelling is typified by the agent-based modelling (ABM) as a shifting paradigm, a lattice-distributed collection of autonomous decision-making entities (i.e., agents), the interactions of which unveil the dynamics and emergent properties of a real-life problem, such as an infectious disease outbreak. In this talk, we show a general framework for developing an ABM that can be used to computationally optimize intervention strategies for novel influenza viruses with pandemic potential. Our findings contrast previous results !

Monday, April 15, 2013 - 14:05 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Alexander Kurganov ,
Tulane University ,
Organizer: Yingjie Liu

I will first give a brief review on simple and robust central-upwind schemes
for hyperbolic conservation laws. I will then discuss their application to
the Saint-Venant system of shallow water equations. This can be done in a
straightforward manner, but then the resulting scheme may suffer from the
lack of balance between the fluxes and (possibly singular) geometric source
term, which may lead to a so-called numerical storm, and from appearance of
negative values of the water height, which may destroy the entire computed
solution. To circumvent these difficulties, we have developed a special
technique, which guarantees that the designed second-order central-upwind
scheme is both well-balanced and positivity preserving.
Finally, I will show how the scheme can be extended to the two-layer shallow
water equations and to the Savage-Hutter type model of submarine landslides
and generated tsunami waves, which, in addition to the geometric source
term, contain nonconservative interlayer exchange terms. It is well-known
that such terms, which arise in many different multiphase models, are
extremely sensitive to a particular choice their numerical discretization.
To circumvent this difficulty, we rewrite the studied systems in a different
way so that the nonconservative terms are multiplied by a quantity, which
is, in all practically meaningful cases, very small. We then apply the
central-upwind scheme to the rewritten system and demonstrate robustness and
superb performance of the proposed method on a number numerical examples.

Monday, March 25, 2013 - 14:00 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Mario Arioli ,
Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, United Kingdom ,
mario.arioli@stfc.ac.uk ,
Organizer: Sung Ha Kang

We derive discrete norm representations associated with projections of interpolation spaces onto finite dimensional subspaces. These norms are products of integer and non integer powers of the Gramian matrices associated with the generating pair of spaces for the interpolation space. We include a brief description of some of the algorithms which allow the efficient computation of matrix powers. We consider in some detail the case of fractional Sobolev spaces both for positive and negative indices together with applications arising in preconditioning techniques. Several other applications are described.

Monday, March 11, 2013 - 14:00 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Francesco G. Fedele ,
Georgia Tech, Civil & Environmental Engineering ,
fedele@gatech.edu ,
Organizer: Sung Ha Kang

I will present some results on the space-time stereo reconstruction of nonlinear sea waves off the Venice coast using a Variational Wave Acquisition Stereo System (VWASS). Energy wave spectra, wave dispersion and nonlinearities are then discussed. The delicate balance of dispersion and nonlinearities may yield the formation of solitons or traveling waves. These are introduced in the context of the Euler equations and the associatedthird order compact Zakharov equation. Traveling waves exist also in the axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations. Indeed, it will be shown that the NS equations can be reduced to generalized Camassa-Holm equations that support smooth solitons and peakons.