Shifting Paradigm: Agent-Based Modelling and its Application to Disease Dynamics

Applied and Computational Mathematics Seminar
Monday, April 22, 2013 - 14:00
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 005
York University
Modelling and computational approaches provide powerful tools in the study of disease dynamics at both the micro- and macro-levels. Recent advances in information and communications technologies have opened up novel vistas and presented new challenges in mathematical epidemiology. These challenges are central to the understanding of the collective dynamics of heterogeneous ensembles of individuals, and analyzing pertinent data that are less coarse and more complex. The evolution of dynamic modelling is typified by the agent-based modelling (ABM) as a shifting paradigm, a lattice-distributed collection of autonomous decision-making entities (i.e., agents), the interactions of which unveil the dynamics and emergent properties of a real-life problem, such as an infectious disease outbreak. In this talk, we show a general framework for developing an ABM that can be used to computationally optimize intervention strategies for novel influenza viruses with pandemic potential. Our findings contrast previous results !