Seminars and Colloquia by Series

Friday, October 27, 2017 - 15:00 , Location: Skiles 154 , Hassan Attarchi , Georgia Tech , Organizer:
This presentation is about the results of a paper by Y. Sinai in 1970. Here, I will talk about dynamical systems which resulting from the motion of a material point in domains with strictly convex boundary, that is, such that the operator of the second quadratic form is negative-definite at each point of the boundary, where the boundary is taken to be equipped with the field of inward normals. It was proved that such systems are ergodic and are K-systems. The basic method of investigation is the construction of transversal foliations for such systems and the study of their properties.
Friday, October 27, 2017 - 13:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , John Etnyre , Georgia Tech , Organizer: John Etnyre

Notice the seminar is back to 1.5 hours this week. 

In this series of talks I will introduce branched coverings of manifolds and sketch proofs of most the known results in low dimensions (such as every 3 manifold is a 3-fold branched cover over a knot in the 3-sphere and the existence of universal knots). This week we should be able to finish our discussion of branched covers of surfaces and transition to 3-manifolds. 
Friday, October 27, 2017 - 10:00 , Location: Skiles 114 , Jaewoo Jung , GA Tech , Organizer: Timothy Duff
For any undirected graph, the Stanley-Reisner ideal is generated by monomials correspoding to the graph's "non-edges." It is of interest in algebraic geometry to study the free resolutions and Betti-tables of these ideals (viewed as modules in the natural way.) We consider the relationship between a graph and its induced Betti-table. As a first step, we look at how operations on graphs effect on the Betti-tables. In this talk, I will provide a basic introduction, state our result about clique sums of graphs (with proof), and discuss the next things to do.
Thursday, October 26, 2017 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Todd Kuffner , Washington University in St. Louis , kuffner@wustl.edu , Organizer: Mayya Zhilova
When considering smooth functionals of dependent data, block bootstrap methods have enjoyed considerable success in theory and application. For nonsmooth functionals of dependent data, such as sample quantiles, the theory is less well-developed. In this talk, I will present a general theory of consistency and optimality, in terms of achieving the fastest convergence rate, for block bootstrap distribution estimation for sample quantiles under mild strong mixing assumptions. The case of density estimation will also be discussed. In contrast to existing results, we study the block bootstrap for varying numbers of blocks. This corresponds to a hybrid between the subsampling bootstrap and the moving block bootstrap (MBB). Examples of `time series’ models illustrate the benefits of optimally choosing the number of blocks. This is joint work with Stephen M.S. Lee (University of Hong Kong) and Alastair Young (Imperial College London).
Thursday, October 26, 2017 - 11:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Nikita Selinger , University of Alabama-Birmingham , Organizer: Balazs Strenner
In a joint work with M. Yampolsky, we gave a classification of Thurston maps with parabolic orbifolds based on our previous results on characterization of canonical Thurston obstructions. The obtained results yield a  solution to the problem of algorithmically checking combinatorial equivalence of two Thurston maps.
Wednesday, October 25, 2017 - 13:55 , Location: Skiles 005 , Michael Greenblatt , University of Illinois, Chicago , Organizer: Michael Lacey
A general local result concerning L^p boundedness of maximal averages over 2D hypersurfaces is described, where p > 2. The surfaces are allowed to have either the traditional smooth density function or a singularity growing as |(x,y)|^{-t} for some 0 < t < 2. This result is a generalization of a theorem of Ikromov, Kempe, and Mueller. Similar methods can be used to show sharp L^p to L^p_a Sobolev estimates for associated Radon transform operators when p is in a certain interval containing 2.
Monday, October 23, 2017 - 15:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Robert Lemke Oliver , Tufts University , robert.lemke_oliver@tufts.edu , Organizer: Larry Rolen
We determine the average size of the $\phi$-Selmer group in any quadratic twist family of abelian varieties having an isogeny $\phi$ of degree 3 over any number field.  This has several applications towards the rank statistics in such families of quadratic twists.  For example, it yields the first known quadratic twist families of absolutely simple abelian varieties over $\mathbb{Q}$, of dimension greater than one, for which the average rank is bounded; in fact, we obtain such twist families in arbitrarily large dimension.  In the case that $E/F$ is an elliptic curve admitting a 3-isogeny, we prove that the average rank of its quadratic twists is bounded; if $F$ is totally real, we moreover show that a positive proportion of these twists have rank 0 and a positive proportion have $3$-Selmer rank 1.  We also obtain consequences for Tate-Shafarevich groups of quadratic twists of a given elliptic curve.  This is joint work with Manjul Bhargava, Zev Klagsbrun, and Ari Shnidman.
Monday, October 23, 2017 - 13:55 , Location: Skiles 006 , Mark Hughes , BYU , Organizer: John Etnyre
The immersed Seifert genus of a knot $K$ in $S^3$ can be defined as the minimal genus of an orientable immersed surface $F$ with $\partial F = K$.  By a result of Gabai, this value is always equal to the (embedded) Seifert genus of $K$.  In this talk I will discuss the embedded and immersed cross-cap numbers of a knot, which are the non-orientable versions of these invariants.  Unlike their orientable counterparts these values do not always coincide, and can in fact differ by an arbitrarily large amount.  In further contrast to the orientable case, there are families of knots with arbitrarily high embedded 4-ball cross-cap numbers, but which are easily seen to have immersed cross-cap number 1.  After describing these examples I will discuss a classification of knots with immersed cross-cap number 1.  This is joint work with Seungwon Kim.
Monday, October 23, 2017 - 11:15 , Location: Skiles 005 , Albert Fathi , Georgia Institute of Technology , Organizer: Livia Corsi
If h is a homeomorphism on a compact manifold which is chain-recurrent, we will try to understand when the lift of h to an abelian cover is also chain-recurrent. This has consequences on closed geodesics in manifold of negative curvature.
Friday, October 20, 2017 - 15:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Prof. Martin Short , GT Math , Organizer: Sung Ha Kang
Data assimilation is a powerful tool for combining mathematical models with real-world data to make better predictions and estimate the state and/or parameters of dynamical systems. In this talk I will give an overview of some work on models for predicting urban crime patterns, ranging from stochastic models to differential equations. I will then present some work on data assimilation techniques that have been developed and applied for this problem, so that these models can be joined with real data for purposes of model fitting and crime forecasting.  

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